In there seems to have been less emphasis on things that could also be classified as Industry, with instead more on housing and aircraft. The Palace of Industry was slightly smaller. It contained displays on the chemical industry, coal, metals, medicinal drugs, sewage disposal, food, drinks, tobacco, clothing, gramophones, gas and Nobel explosives. Each colony was assigned its own distinctive pavilion to reflect local culture and architecture.
The Canada Pavilion contained displays on minerals, farming, forestry, the paper industry, water power and Canada as a holiday destination, as well as, in the dairy industry section, a full sized figure of the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII , sculpted in butter and preserved in a refrigerated case.
This pavilion was also flanked by smaller pavilions dedicated to the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific railways. Newfoundland , which did not become part of Canada until , had its own small pavilion next to the HM Government building. The Australian Pavilion boasted a foot diameter ball of Australian wool. Each of the West Indian islands had a court in the pavilion, as did the Falkland Islands.
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The Palace of Arts, which was fire-proofed, contained historical room sets, as well as painting and sculpture since the eighteenth century. Kiosks, located both inside and outside the pavilions, represented individual companies within the Empire, encouraging commercial opportunities. One such was the Pear's Palace of Beauty see below. Since the Exhibition was the first major event after the war, many firms produced a glut of commemorative items for sale.
Empire under glass
The management of the exhibition asked the Imperial Studies Committee of the Royal Colonial Institute to assist them with the educational aspect of the exhibition, which resulted in a volume book, The British Empire: A survey , with Hugh Gunn as the general editor, and which was published in London in Several railway companies had display stands at the Exhibition; in some cases they exhibited their latest locomotives or coaches.
Several other railway locomotives were exhibited: in , the Southern Railway exhibited no. A few years later, it was named Wembley in honour of the exhibition. The exhibition grounds contained commercial kiosks, run by newspapers, cigarette companies and other businesses. All these structures were designed by the architect Joseph Emberton and his team.
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It was located in the amusement park. The Palace of Beauty was white with two curved staircases leading up to a domed gazebo supported by columns. Siddons and Miss There were also two soap-related characters, Bubbles and The Spirit of Purity. In addition to the pavilions and kiosks there was a lake, a funfair, a garden and a working replica coal mine. There were also numerous restaurants, the most expensive of which was the Lucullus restaurant in the Wembley Garden Club restaurant near the exhibition gardens. In J. Lyons held a monopoly of catering, but the restaurant in the Indian Pavilion used Indian cooks and was advised by Edward Palmer "of Messrs.
After admission, most of the attractions in the grounds were free. They could also be explored after dark. The Stadium itself was used extensively for performances by massed bands and choirs, military and historical displays, an Edinburgh-like tattoo , fireworks, the largest ever Boy Scout jamboree, the first Rugby Union match to be played at Wembley, a simulation of an air attack on London London Defended, see below and a genuine rodeo which caused some alarm to animal lovers.
A highlight was the elaborate " Pageant of Empire " organised by pageant master Frank Lascelles. This involved thousands of actors and was held in the Empire Stadium from 21 July From 9 May to 1 June , No. Similar to the display they had done the previous year, when the aircraft were painted black, it consisted of a night time air display over the Wembley Exhibition flying RAF Sopwith Snipes which were painted red for the display and fitted with white lights on the wings, tail and fuselage.
The display involved firing blank ammunition into the stadium crowds and dropping pyrotechnics from the aeroplanes to simulate shrapnel from guns on the ground, Explosions on the ground also produced the effect of bombs being dropped into the stadium by the Aeroplanes. One of the Pilots in the display was Flying officer C. The Exhibition is of philatelic interest, as it was the first occasion for which the British Post Office issued commemorative postage stamps. Envelopes, letter cards, postcards  and many other souvenirs commemorating the event were produced as well.
A significant number of medals were struck for the Exhibition, both by the organisers and by commercial organisations. Despite providing a wealth of entertainment, the Exhibition was not a financial success. Despite 18 million visitors in , the project ended that season without breaking even. In an attempt to raise enough money, the late decision was taken to reopen, with some variations, in , but the Exhibition did not do as well in its second season. It closed for good on 31 October , having received 27 million visitors in two years. Two of the most popular attractions were US dodgem cars and a copy of the tomb of Tutankhamen.
Both of these were in the funfair, with the tomb there because Egypt was no longer a British Protectorate, having been independent since Wodehouse's fictional Bertie Wooster may have reflected genuine reactions to the Exhibition in preferring the Green Swizzles at the Planters Bar to anything more didactic. Most of the exhibition halls were intended to be temporary and demolished afterwards, but, partly because of the high cost of demolishing such huge concrete structures, the Palace of Engineering and the British Government Pavilion survived into the s, and the Palace of Industry and the sacred art section of the Palace of Arts until the s.
It became Wembley Stadium , the home of Football in England until , when it was demolished to be replaced by a new stadium. The British Empire Exhibition inevitably led to increased suburban development. An outfall sewer was built to serve the Exhibition and a number of roads in the area were straightened and widened, and new road signs installed.
In addition, new bus services were introduced to serve the Exhibition.
Visitors to the Exhibition were introduced to Wembley and some were later encouraged to move to the area when houses had been built to accommodate them. Conversely, though the Exhibition encouraged the development of Wembley as a typical inter-war suburb, the survival of the Stadium ensured that the Empire Exhibition grounds in Wembley Park would remain a major London visitor destination. The Exhibition is a key location in the P. In Sir John Betjeman 's celebrated Metro-Land the poet recalls his childhood experience of the exhibition in the 'Wembley' segment.
The Exhibition features in the opening scene of the film The King's Speech. The film is based on the future George VI 's relationship with speech therapist Lionel Logue following his speech at the Exhibition on 31 October , which proved to be highly embarrassing due to his pronounced stammer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 28 August Fleeting Cities. Palgrave Macmillan. Contesting whiteness: Race, nationalism and British Empire exhibitions between the wars. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Retrieved London: An Architectural History. Yale University Press. The Lion Roars at Wembley. Donald R. Half the people of the British Empire were women. How, then, did the British Empire Exhibi-tion try to incorporate women into the new vision of the British Empire? Looking at the repre-sentations of British women in the exhibition, it is possible to understand how Britain tried to propagate the image of British women to show its civilized superiority within the British Em-pire.
Article - Open Access. Article: This paper will explore how the representations of British women in the British Empire Exhibi-tion — were used to distinguish Britain as the mother country of the British Empire. Download PDF.
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Palavras-chave: British Empire Exhibition, representations, gender, modernity,. Manchester Guardian, p. Visions of empire: Patriotism, popular culture and the city, Internationalist peace activism at the British Empire Exhibition, in T.
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Daily Mail, p. Ephemeral vistas. The lion roars at Wembley.
Imperial housekeeping. Clare , July The Clarion, p. Daily Chronicle. Beautiful lace dresses.